Positive Psychology in Leadership
Leadership with Integrated Coaching
Psychology is a science that studies behavior. Positive psychology, on the other hand, confines itself to the scientific study of human strengths that enable them to register better performance in different situations. Therefore, positive psychology nurtures people’s strengths and virtues that are instrumental in ensuring that they effectively and efficiently accomplish tasks. Leadership and integrated coaching is about raising leaders by nurturing their leadership skills as they hold leadership position. Therefore, Leadership and Integrated Coaching is a program that involves developing a programme similar to on-the-job training that individuals go through to improve their productivity. Positive psychology gives direction to coaching in leadership development. Through the use of positive psychology, strategies are developed to coach leaders by identifying areas that need improvement and working on them. Therefore, positive leadership ensures that individuals become better leaders by changing their mindsets and improving their execution skills.
According to Quick & Macik-Frey (2004), positive psychology serves as a basis upon which strategies and techniques used in leadership development are built. Positive psychology helps in determining interventions that can be integrated in a coaching relationship. A series of procedures are followed to help individuals in a leadership-coaching program to identify their behavioral strengths. Clients are coached on how to use their strengths in their lives and work. Positive psychology helps a coach to integrate the scientific study of behavior in the practice of leadership development. Positive psychology is guided by the assumption that people’s strengths motivate them to grow despite the fact that they may have weaknesses. Therefore, positive psychology focuses on strategies that leaders can use to focus on human strengths and alleviate human deficits.
Positive psychology creates leaders who are aware of their strengths and usually have high self-esteem. High self-esteem gives people confidence making it easier for them to influence the people they lead (Bogaert, Boone & Witteloostuijn, 2012). Such leaders make use of their strengths to improve productivity by controlling behavior to influence results. The leaders also become aware of their weaknesses and therefore find ways to ensure that the weaknesses do not lower their productivity. Positive psychology makes leaders who receive coaching have a better understanding of their behavior at the work place and how it affects work other people. Understanding one’s behavior and how it is likely to affect work and other people makes a leader behave in a way that they believe is likely to yield the desired results. Therefore, the leaders developed through this strategy are in a better position to control their behavior.
Positive Psychology in Leadership
Positive psychology in leadership development ensures that professional and personal roles are balanced effectively. Balancing personal and leadership roles expands leadership capacity. Leaders are expected to show good results. Therefore, they need to possess professionally competence (Dessler, 2012). It is gained through training, which enables individuals to acquire skills needed to perform their roles. In most cases, personal development is not given a lot of attention at the time when leaders are trained. Overlooking personal development may hinder leaders from efficient and effective performance. Since positive psychology considers personal development, it ensures that professional and personal roles are balanced. Personal development strengthens people’s personalities. Therefore, leaders will exhibit good behavior and not just professionalism when leadership development integrates the use of positive psychology.
Positive psychology in leadership development improves people’s behavior by imparting in them interpersonal skills. Leaders interact and communicate with other people as they perform their duties. In fact, they find themselves in positions of leadership, because social groups exist. Each social group should have a leader who leads them towards achieving goals. The leader facilitates the creation of relationships. Therefore, leaders should be aware of social rules for them to lead other people effectively. The application of positive psychology ensures that social skills are strengthened. Therefore, positive psychology promotes the development of team leadership skills. The result of developing team leadership skills is team effectiveness.
Positive psychology in leadership development helps in designing leadership coaching programs that meet individual leaders’ needs. During leadership training, people acquire general leadership skills. This means that a similar program is used in training different people. However, applying positive psychology shifts attention to each leader (Philips, 2007). Each leader is treated as a unique individual with special characteristics. This strategy emphasizes the need to use a different program for each individual because of the unique characteristics each person possesses. Therefore, it makes the integrated leadership coaching more focused (Dessler, 2012). People have different behavior, strengths, and weaknesses. Putting them in different programs would be appropriate so that each one is exposed to a program that matches their characteristics. Therefore, positive psychology gives leadership development a clear direction and perspective.
Leadership and integrated coaching is a productive strategy of improving leadership skills. Through the application of positive psychology, the positive traits of individuals are concentrated on encouraging individuals to become better leaders. The strategy improves individual’s leadership skills by improving their professional competence and personalities. Leadership and integrated coaching makes individuals realize their strengths. Targeting the strengths of individuals enables them to use these positive features in exploring opportunities and influencing other people in a positive way. The advantage of applying integrated coaching in leadership is that individuals get first-hand experience as coaching is conducted as the individuals hold positions of leadership. Therefore, the strategy has long lasting results, because it focuses on altering individual’s behavior. As people learn to concentrate on their positive traits, they flourish, their productivity increases, and they become more satisfied.