Why Marijuana Have to be Legal?
The benefits that will arise from the legalization of marijuana are various; however, among these are the potential economic contributions that marijuana could present to the economy. County, state and federal governments have continued to experience a shortfall in the budgets; as a result, the available resources have been apportioned to various projects on the basis of proportionate allocation according to the available funds. In the meantime, illegal trade of marijuana has resulted in billions of dollars being lost to criminal enterprises.
Therefore, in an economic perspective, the legalization of marijuana should be allowed because of the potential financial benefits that will result in the form of taxes, creation of employment and increasing wealth for the local communities. It has been estimated that the funds that will be potentially derived from the legalization of marijuana will amount to billions annually. This translates to increased revenue for the governments for use in various projects and creation of employment; hence reducing the incidence of poverty.
While most agree there are more negative effect of marijuana, we have compiled research regarding the positive uses of marijuana. If marijuana were to be legalized, the country would save billions on law enforcement and prohibition costs. Revenues from taxing would bring billions of dollars to help the country’s growing deficit. Marijuana has been noted to sooth various types of symptoms, for various types of diseases.
The persistence of criminal enterprises that trade in illegal marijuana have thrived and continued to rise again and again because of the high value attached to marijuana and its potential to create wealth. It is evident that whether the government agrees or disagrees, a significant number of people, more so, the younger generations are users of recreational marijuana. Therefore, though the drug enforcement agencies (DEA) may disband one or two criminal enterprises that sell illegal marijuana, others will emerge to fill the gap. This is because the market forces of demand and supply will always triumph in the face of legal restrictions.
The government cannot win the war against drugs if it does not take affirmative action in as far as the legalization of marijuana is concerned. Though there are those criminals who trade in marijuana as their sole product, a significant number of these criminals have various drugs in their possession. Therefore, the legalization of marijuana will not only save the drug enforcement agencies a significant percent of their resources that are allocated to combating the drug trade, it will also unmask those criminals using marijuana as a front to sell hard drugs such as cocaine and heroin.
According to research, it has been found that the use of marijuana has mild effects in contrast to the use of alcohol and cigarettes combined. This indicates that among the legalized substances; there are those that are more harmful to human consumption than marijuana. However, the marijuana is demonized not on the basis of scientific evidence but on moral grounds and perceived effects that have not been scientifically proven.
Therefore, the opponents of legalizing marijuana based their arguments on hypocritical notions that are unfounded and unproven. Furthermore, they should consider the impacts of alcohol and tobacco on human health and the number of deaths that have occurred; as a result of using these legal substances. Meanwhile, there are no recorded statistics that associate the cause of death to the use of marijuana. In this respect, it is prudent to state that marijuana as far safer for recreational consumption in contrast to other legalized substances that have continued to cause significant losses in human lives, property and degradation of social behavior.
The Medical Use of Marijuana
The medical applications of marijuana are another attribute that cannot be ignored. Various studies have found that marijuana eases the severity of nausea and pain in terminally ill patients such as those suffering from cancer. As such, the use of marijuana enables such patients to retain the food they have consumed in their stomachs; hence it reduces the incidence of weakness that results in poor nutrition as a factor of such terminal illnesses.
In this respect, the use of marijuana has been found to cause cancerous cells in the affected areas to feed on one another; subsequently, leaving healthy cells unaffected. Furthermore, the use of medical marijuana have been observed to have encouraging results in Alzheimer’s patients in preventing the deterioration of their conditions. Though these are some of the medical applications of marijuana, researchers continue to research the applications and benefits of marijuana since there are many more. These are adequate reasons to champion the legalization of marijuana.
There are various studies that show the medicinal uses of marijuana such as in easing symptoms associated with AIDS/ HIV, Hepatitis C, multiple scleroses, spinal injuries epilepsy. There are a few adverse effects that have to be taken into consideration, the short term effect is the inhalation of smoke which increases bronchodilation, and long term effects could impair lung function that could lead to lung disease.
In addition, one could have cardiovascular issues such as rapid heartbeat and increase in blood pressure, although these only last for a short time for one with a preexisting condition it could be harmful; however there is no record of anyone dying from a marijuana overdose. In order for marijuana to reach a lethal dose of marijuana an average sized person would have to smoke over 400 joints in one sitting because a fatal dose of marijuana is 125mg of THC per kilogram of body weight, however most marijuana joints only contain 20mg of THC.
In a more realistic perspective, a person has a higher likelihood of dying from smoke inhalation, than from the impact of using marijuana, yet it is still illegal. How is it that tobacco and alcohol which have proven to cause thousands of deaths per year still legal, even though the toxicity of nicotine and alcohol is much higher than that of marijuana? While there are no dangers to the brain besides short term memory loss and minor lung airway problems that have occurred while smoking marijuana; there is no conclusive data that discloses any definite increases in lung cancer; as a result, of using marijuana.
The world is constantly changing, and the legalization of medicinal marijuana is among the changes that must occur. This is beneficial for all of the people who suffer from serious pain and illness. Concerns of decriminalization of marijuana are unfounded since states that have legalized medicinal marijuana have seen little impact in the amount of use. Knowledge is essential and the more knowledge we have about marijuana and the implications of its use; it will then take the fear out of a number of people in society who thinks that marijuana should not be legal.
The opponents of the legalization of medical marijuana say it would cause more problems and lead to greater drug use. They also argue that drugs lead and contribute to the high rates of poverty and crime. Therefore, legalization of marijuana would prevent the courts from ordering mandatory addiction treatments. While some concern of marijuana legalization is merited, it is evident that government agencies including the DEA need to contribute towards funding of the extensive research that is needed to treat certain medical issues.
Comprehensive research of the potential impacts of using marijuana and the medical applications would strengthen the argument of the legalization of marijuana. The opponents of legalization feel that the argument for the legalization of marijuana would send the wrong message to the public. Therefore, they believe that the legalization of marijuana will lead to excessive recreational use among users. In addition, the government believes that there will be an increase in the number of marijuana users; consequently an increase in overall drug use in the country.
Decriminalization of marijuana is inherently a step in which knowledge of the benefits and various uses of marijuana could diminish the myths about this plant. As such, legalization could help with the treatment needs for all chronically and terminally ill patients who rely on medical marijuana. Marijuana, is less dangerous and non-addictive unlike tobacco and alcohol which cause thousands of deaths per year. There are medical benefits and financial benefits as well; the revenue from the taxing of marijuana could go toward the national debt and countless jobs around the country.