Classroom management is an important issue for creation of a safe classroom environment favorable both for teachers and students. In order to create an emotionally safe classroom, teachers should develop safe-efficacy and self-management. It is important to motivate students and manage different problem situations.
My personal philosophy of classroom managements is based on the creation of student-teacher relationship giving students a sense of belonging to the classroom setting. Diverse classroom environment encourages teachers to enhance different approaches to children taking into consideration their personal qualities and abilities. It is important to formulate a plan where a teacher should focus on learning motivation, set an appropriate leadership style, and develop effective learning activities.
Young children of the second grade often focus their attention on the acts of aggression. Thus, their behavior can be often violent and teachers should consider the complexities of this age category. While entering the second grade, students start to reevaluate themselves, peers, and the world around them. The role of teachers is to help them promote self-management and self-efficacy for further development. Garrett (2014) assumes that a classroom setting is a place where young children learn to communicate with peers, teachers, and other participants of the learning process. Young children should learn how to cope with different challenges and find practical solutions. A teacher should teach children to develop these skills in every-day communication by providing discussions, games and training.
Shindler (2009) argues that teachers should create a supportive atmosphere in the classroom setting in order to teach children to make personal decisions. In this age, children should distinguish what is right and what is wrong. Reading books encourages them to learn about the world and their place in it. Children start to learn how to manage their behavior and interact ethically in the classroom. This may be achieved through playing where every student plays a specific role. Teaching children how to improve their health also leads to the development of self-management.
The teachers’ own beliefs and values influence children’s attitudes towards their behavior. Honesty, responsibility, compassion, reliability, and other essential ethical values should be developed in this age in children. Realizing their importance in the classroom setting, they will develop better behavior that will help them interact with each other more effectively. Yisrael (2012) suggests that self-efficacy helps students to think, behave, and feel in a proper way. Self-efficacy is a powerful engine to believe in one’s strengths and abilities. Observational learning should become central in the teaching practice, in this age, children learn what they want to achieve in life.
According to Scrivener and Thornbury (2012), “Student motivation encourages them to compete with others in order to receive reward” (p. 23). A teacher should design assignments involving students to evaluate and synthesize material instead of simply memorizing it. Teachers should help students reflect what they learn. The latter should be motivated not only by desire to gain a high grade; they should understand the importance of new knowledge in their future development and growth. Teaches should engage students in a learning activity by providing different innovative methods that can interest children. If the latter like the activity they will be more likely to engage into it in the future. A teacher should become a role model in the classroom setting.
Student engagement is a result of student motivation. Thus, students who are interested in learning will be more likely to incorporate this knowledge in the future life. The research asserts that teachers should create a classroom environment that encourages students to master their skills (Garrett, 2014). Teachers should involve students with deviant behavior in different activities in order to concentrate their attention on the learning process. Student engagement can occur during after school activities, e.g. visiting museums, playing games, and visiting the paces of interest.
These two strategies could be integrated in work with students with deviant behavior during both in-class and after-class activities. Children in the second grade often do not form their standard levels of behavior. They frequently behave with aggression to other peers. However, when children are motivated and engaged into the learning process through interesting activities and assignments, a teacher can have better results. The main objection is to create a friendly and supportive atmosphere through collaboration and assistance where a teacher is a role model.
In conclusion, teacher’s success in the work with second grade students depends on classroom management he or she is able to develop. Classroom management helps motivate and engage students in different learning activities. The teacher’s ability to involve students in routine work in the classroom is not an easy task; only those who are motivated and talented could succeed in this process. The role of a teacher is to organize children into a mutual cooperation where they can be motivated and engaged into the learning activity.