Mar 26, 2018 in Law

Legalizing Drugs in Society

The opponents of drugs legalization believe that the fight against drugs is yet to succeed in eradicating drugs from the society, though they appreciate that the effort is not in vain. While drug abuse has increased among different population cohorts in the last decade, it is still significantly lower than it was in the 1990s. Therefore, though the fight against narcotic substances has not been able to wipe drugs from the society, proponents believe, it has significantly influenced the drug use.

According to William Bennett, an activist in struggle against abuse of drugs and other substances in the US, the concept of the fight should be revisited. He said that the concept behind the campaign against drugs has been a flaw. He argues that the most effective way of curbing the abuse of drugs is by making it possible for the drugs addicts to obtain drugs from some registered dealers. Those who hold similar opinion as William suggest that drugs from Mexico and the Caribbean should be allowed into the US market in a regulated system. According to Mike Royko, this system would sweep the junkies out of the gutter, and provide a relief to those who are fighting a losing battle against the narcotics. Similarly, Robert W., a federal judge, while supporting legalization of drugs, referred to the effort against drugs as a bankruptcy of ideas.

Though most of the Americans are determined to contend against drugs in their country, there are still some who believe that enacting laws on narcotic substances will cost the society more than the loss that would have been caused by the drug usage. All the same, drug addicts would seek immediate euphoria; the advocators for drugs legalization are interested in the peaceful resolution between those who are for and those who are against it.  The drugs enforcement is also a burden to the economy of any nation campaigning against drugs. The campaign is a burden to the economy, where fundamental resources are used in the combat. The effort is also frustrating, dangerous and often ungrateful. Nevertheless, the results of not enacting drug laws may be costly. Consequently, legalizing drugs involves destructive nature of drugs and the high toll laid upon frustrated individuals and families, as well as significant losses of resources both individually and as a nation (Friedman).

The drugs issue must be resolved properly; thus, virtually most of the civilized societies are looking to enact control and regulation over drugs. If there is no or there is minimum regulation concerning drugs in place, it has been observed that the uptake of drugs and addiction increases. In late 1975, Italy liberalized a drug law, which has led to the nation having one of the highest death rates related to drugs in Europe.

In Alaska, with decriminalization of marijuana in 1975, the loose laws entertained abuse of the drug, even among children. Some of those schoolchildren moved from marijuana to cocaine. With legalization of drugs, the use of illicit drugs is likely to increase, even as the number of casualties in the population increases. According to Dr. Herbert D., the legalization of drugs is likely to cause increased abuse of cocaine; however, those advocating for legalization consider the increase in the use of cocaine as an inevitable price for the benefits of legalization.

Result of Legalization Drugs

Some of the benefits that are likely to come up as a result of legalization include the profits that would be made out of drugs. The number of criminal drug traders and cartels would reduce; they would likely invest in other businesses since there would be low demand on drugs.

The proponents of drug liberalization argue that, with legalization of drugs, the prices would fall, even if to take high taxes that would accompany such legalization into account. According to Buckley, one of the supporters of legalization, the federal drugstores would be keeping the drug prices relatively low in order to discourage the emerging of black markets while at the same time ensuring that the prices are significantly high to accumulate the surplus for campaign and education on drugs (Berent).

Apparently, the drug sales would generate massive revenue that would then be used to inform the consumers not to use the substances and to rehabilitate those who may not adhere to the call for withdrawal from drugs. The benefit of this system is that the federal government would get a share of the profits that would otherwise be garnered by the drug cartels. At the same time, the state would impose high taxes on drugs in order to finance the programs aimed against drugs to those who would listen and treatment for the addicts.

Even if to consider the elimination of black markets as one of the benefits, most advocators for legalization admit that some hard drugs are too dangerous to be legalized or regulated by the enacted laws. Thus, drugs cartels will try to control the supply of such substances within the black market. As a result, as long as the substances remain prohibited, black markets will always emerge. 

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With legalization of drugs, the levels of crime are likely to reduce significantly. It is believed that the high prices associated with illegal drugs tend to lead addicts to crimes. According to a research conducted by the Cato Institute, most of the drug related crimes are a result of drug illegalization. However, there are people who believe that most of the drug-related crimes were committed by criminals before they used drugs. The illegal drugs that are routinely accessible within the criminal circles tend to stake the criminals more unpredictable and violent. There are numerous cover-up murders in drug syndicates; however, even with legalization the cut-rate prices for drugs at the federal outlets would not stop such psychopathic mannerism.

Some scholars believe that drug abuse cases should not be a police matter; this may be made possible under a legalized regime, when the government deals with regulating and preventing drug usage. According to these studies, there is no evidence to claim that the enforcement of law may be successful. They believe that the current struggle against drugs will not only be unsuccessful but may also increase criminality. With legalization of drugs, self-esteem, civil liberties, and freedom of American would be regained. According to the proponents of legalization, for a nation to have a free society, it must allow its people to have the freedom to make both right and wrong decisions (Berent). These proponents urge that the prohibition of drugs by means of laws has not worked and may not work soon.

The issue on whether to prohibit or to legalize drugs may not be settled any time soon. Both opponents and proponents of the issue should comprehend that a human is a rational being with free will to exercise reasoning faculty.

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